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2 edition of The Role of RNA in development and reproduction found in the catalog.

The Role of RNA in development and reproduction

Proceedings of the second international symposium, April 25-30, 1980

by

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Published by Distributed by Van Nostrand Reinhold Co .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Number of Pages932
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7527588M
ISBN 100442200900
ISBN 109780442200909

  microRNA (miR) affects developmental timing in flowering plants. miR and its target relationships with members of the SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE (SPL) gene family appear universally conserved in land plants, but the specific functions of miR outside of flowering plants are unknown. We find that miR promotes a developmental change from young Chapter13 worksheets 1. Name Period Date Chapter 13 Worksheet PacketCh. RNALesson Objectives Contrast RNA and DNA. Explain the process of SummaryThe Role of RNA RNA (ribonucleic acid) is a nucleic acid like DNA. It consists of a long chainof :// This implies that RNA editing has a role not only in neural transmission and network plasticity but also in brain development. In humans, three ADARs () exist, all preferentially expressed in the nervous system, with ADAR3 being expressed exclusively in the ://   RNA's Role in the Central Dogma The central dogma of molecular biology explains that DNA codes for RNA, which codes for is the molecule of heredity that passes from parents to offspring.. RNA splicing a process or removing introns from nuclear RNA, thus converting it into a functional mRNA Source: Jenkins, John B. Human Genetics, 2nd ://


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The Role of RNA in development and reproduction Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Role of RNA in Reproduction and Development. NIU and S. SEGAL. New York: American Elsevier Publishing Co., Inc. ; Amsterdam ; North Holland Publishing Co. $ This book contains most of the proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science held in December The meeting was a truly international affair, the This book provides an overview of the role and function of regulatory RNAs that lack protein-coding potential in key reproductive tissues.

This includes the role of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), microRNAs (miRNAs), PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs).

Get this from a library. The Role of RNA in development and reproduction: proceedings of the second international symposium, April[M C Niu; H H Chuang; Zhongguo dong wu xue hui.; Society for Developmental Biology.;] Get this from a library.

The role of RNA in reproduction and development: proceedings of the A.A.A.S. symposium, December[M C Niu; Sheldon J Segal; American Association for the Advancement of Science.; American Society of Zoologists. Division of Developmental Biology.]   作者:不详 出版社:不详 出版时间: 印刷时间: ,购买著名生物学家、中科院博士导师【牛满江】赠薛社普签名本藏书【THE ROLE OF RNA IN DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION】详细见图等外文旧书相关商品, The regulatory role of these small RNA molecules has recently begun to be explored in the human reproductive system.

microRNAs have been shown to play an important role in control of reproductive functions, especially in the processes of oocyte maturation, folliculogenesis, corpus luteum function, implantation, and early embryonic :// Mounting experimental evidence shows that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) serve a wide variety of biological functions.

Recent The Role of RNA in development and reproduction book suggest that a part of ncRNAs are critically important for supporting the structure of subcellular architectures. Here, we summarize the current literature demonstrating the role of ncRNAs and RNA-binding proteins in regulating the assembly of mitotic apparatus   Mutations in zebrafish polr1c and polr1d result in craniofacial anomalies.

To test our hypothesis that RNA polymerase subunits exert tissue-specific roles during embryogenesis, we characterized the phenotype of two mutant zebrafish lines: polr1c hiTg and polr1d hiTg hereafter referred to as polr1c-/-and polr1d-/-respectively. These zebrafish lines were generated by The ruminant mammary gland (MG) is an important organ charged with the production of milk for young and human nourishment.

Many factors influence MG productivity, including nutrition, genetics, breed, epigenetics (including non-coding RNA [ncRNA]), disease pathogens and other environmental factors.

In recent years, increasing research is beginning to determine the role of non-coding RNA in MG Reproduction, Fertility and Development publishes research and reviews on all aspects of vertebrate reproduction and developmental biology.

Read more about the journal. Editor-in-Chief: Graeme Martin. Download our Journal Flyer (PDF, KB) Volume 32 Number 4 Mu opioid receptor expression and localisation in murine spermatozoa and its Transcriptomic studies have demonstrated that the vast majority of the genomes of mammals and other complex organisms is expressed in highly dynamic and cell-specific patterns to produce large numbers of intergenic, antisense and intronic long non-protein-coding RNAs (lncRNAs).

Despite well characterized examples, their scaling with developmental complexity, and many demonstrations of their Since RNA editing plays a prominent role in cancer development, tumorigenesis-associated pathways and factors could prove to be important regulators of the machinery. For example, tumor suppressor protein TP53 is involved in nearly all aspects of tumorigenesis, but few connections have been made between TP53 and RNA editing ().

The kaleidoscope of RNA biology within plants is explored in this Focus Issue of eight Update reviews, one letter, and 22 research articles. The contributions are sorted by RNA type, location of synthesis, and activity.

But the picture is not simple: the relationship between DNA and RNA   RNA VIRUS REPLICATION - GENERAL. STRATEGIES. RNA viruses that do not have a DNA phase Viruses that replicate via RNA intermediates need an RNA-dependent RNA-polymerase to replicate their RNA, but animal cells do not seem to possess a suitable enzyme.

Therefore, this type of animal RNA virus needs to code for an RNA-dependent RNA   The enzyme RNA polymerase opens the DNA strands and synthesizes an RNA complementary to only one of the DNA strands.

RNA polymerase acts here. Transcription The decision to transcribe a gene is the most important step in the control of gene :// and Translation pdf.

Alternative RNA Splicing. In the s, genes were first observed that exhibited alternative RNA splicing. Alternative RNA splicing is a mechanism that allows different protein products to be produced from one gene when different combinations of exons are combined to form the mRNA (Figure ).This alternative splicing can be haphazard, but more often it is controlled and acts as a The oocyte plays a major role in the selection process by promoting early follicle growth, and controlling its own development through the production and paracrine actions of growth differentiation factor 9, bone morphogenetic protein 15 and the heterodimer, ://   High temperatures have a great impact on plant reproductive development and subsequent fruit and seed set, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood.

We used transcriptome profiling to investigate the effect of heat stress on reproductive development of Arabidopsis thaliana plants and observed distinct response patterns in vegetative versus reproductive   TUG1 was originally discovered to play an important role in mouse retinal development, and was found to be dysregulated in many cancers, including non-small cell DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is a long chain molecule that plays a central role in life on earth.

The information encoded in strands of DNA controls the genetic makeup of organisms. The DNA molecule has a backbone of sugars and phosphate groups off of Hormones, Homeostasis and Reproduction. Essential Idea: Outline role of testosterone in prenatal development of male genitalia.

in scientific research follow improvements in apparatus- William Harvey was hampered in his observational research into reproduction by lack of equipment. The microscope was invented 17 years after his :// The breadth of the work being conducted within Reproduction is exemplified by the contributors to this series who will provide reviews on: Grp78 roles in female reproduction, small heat shock proteins/co-chaperones as players in uterine smooth muscle function, the role of heat shock proteins in sperm function and maternal contribution to  › Life Sciences › Biochemistry & Biophysics.

Stomata are highly specialized epidermal structures that control transpiration and gas exchange between plants and the environment. Signal networks underlying stomatal development have been previously uncovered but much less is known about how signals involved in stomatal development are transmitted to RNA polymerase II (Pol II or RPB), which plays a central role in the transcription of Circular RNAs belong to a new category of non-coding RNAs, characterised by a circular structure, conservation, stability and high expression in eukaryotes.

They often show tissue- or cell-specific expression. Here, we identified a testis-enriched circular RNA (circRNA), circular Bbs9 (circ-Bbs9) that is highly expressed in mouse testis. An RNase R treatment experiment confirmed that circ-Bbs9 Neo-Darwinian explanations of organic evolution have settled on mutation as the principal factor in producing evolutionary novelty.

Mechanistic characterizations have been also biased by the classic dogma of molecular biology, where only proteins regulate gene expression. This together with the rearrangement of genetic information, in terms of genes and chromosomes, was considered the Our lab uses multidisciplinary approaches to understand the impact of RNA metabolism in development, health and disease.

We are primarily focused in identifying the physiological and pathophysiological roles of RNA modifications and non-coding RNAs at the molecular, cellular and organismal :// In the development of disease, although synonymous mutation does not cause a change in the encoded protein sequence, it may change the splicing enhancer or silencer of the exons or introns, thereby affecting the splicing process.

Similarly, the RNA terminator appears early due to some :// RNA can also be modified by methylation. RNA methyltransferase plays a role in the development of the brain and other organs and is required for retrotransposon silencing in somatic cells in Drosophila.

SnoRNAs, snRNAs and tRNAs are cleaved at specific positions to produce smaller RNAs that have further regulatory   BEL1- and KNOTTED1-type proteins are transcription factors from the three-amino-loop-extension superclass that interact in a tandem complex to regulate the expression of target genes.

In potato (Solanum tuberosum), StBEL5 and its Knox protein partner regulate tuberization by targeting genes that control growth.

RNA movement assays demonstrated that StBEL5 transcripts move   Sex hormones play important roles in teleost ovarian and testicular development.

In zebrafish, ovarian differentiation appears to be dictated by an oocyte-derived signal via Cyp19a1a aromatase-mediated estrogen production. Androgens and aromatase inhibitors can induce female-to-male sex reversal, however, the mechanisms underlying gonadal masculinisation are poorly :// Ion Channels in Health and Disease provides key insight to allow researchers to generate discoveries across disease states.

A single resource that integrates disparate areas of biology and disease ion channel biology, this publication includes cross-referencing for disease, channels, and :// Long non-coding RNA regulation of reproduction and development.

David H E. T.-J., Spektor, R. and Soloway, P. (), Long non-coding RNA regulation of reproduction and development. Mol. Reprod. Dev., – doi: /mrd we provide an overview of lncRNA activities, and then review the role of lncRNAs in processes   Figure Viruses can be complex in shape or relatively simple.

This figure shows three relatively complex virions: the bacteriophage T4, with its DNA-containing head group and tail fibers that attach to host cells; adenovirus, which uses spikes from its capsid to bind to the host cells; and HIV, which uses glycoproteins embedded in its envelope to do ://   However, the role of miRNAs during gonadal development is unclear.

Zebrafish with germline dicer and ago2 mutations are able to reach sexual maturity and produce offspr The DNA in living things is highly conserved. DNA has only four nitrogenous bases that code for all differences in living things on Earth.

Adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine line up in a specific order and a group of three, or a codon, code for one of 20 amino acids found on Earth. The order of those amino acids determines what protein is In this book, 15 chapters written by experts in their fields cover the RNA-dependent processes that take place in a fungal cell ranging from formation of coding and non-coding RNAs to mRNA Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) for example, is a ribosomopathy characterized by anomalies of facial bones, palate, eyes and ears.

Mutations in TCOF1, POLR1C, and POLR1D are associated with the underlying etiology of TCS. TCOF1 plays an important role in the synthesis of ribosomal RNA, one of the rate-limiting steps of ribosome ://?id=/ the role of epigenetics in development and response to environmental signals, natural variation and ecology, and applications for epigenetics in crop improve-ment.

The chapters in this book are variable in nature, ranging from the complex regulation of stress and heterosis to the precise mechanisms of   Viral Morphology. Viruses are noncellular, meaning they are biological entities that do not have a cellular therefore lack most of the components of cells, such as organelles, ribosomes, and the plasma membrane.

A virion consists of a nucleic acid core, an outer protein coating or capsid, and sometimes an outer envelope made of protein and phospholipid membranes derived from /chapter/viral-evolution-morphology-and-classification. Reproduction is a fundamental feature of all known life and can be classiÞ ed into asexual and sexual reproduction.

For successful sexual reproduction, both the internal and external organs have to develop and function properly to work together for procreation. Faults during development or.

Identification of RNA binding motif proteins essential for cardiovascular Available via license: CC BY Content may be subject to ://RNA molecules are single-stranded nucleic acids composed of nucleotides. RNA plays a major role in protein synthesis as it is involved in the transcription, decoding, and translation of the genetic code to produce proteins.

RNA stands for ribonucleic acid and like DNA, RNA nucleotides contain three components: A Nitrogenous ://  Most RNA viruses are small with a genome size of 10kb or less. As noted elsewhere in this book, their RNA polymerase lacks a mechanism to recognize and correct errors (mutations) that arise during genome replication.

As a result, quasispecies are